Nowadays with subscribing to digital services of all kinds, protecting our passwords is really of vital importance; in fact, we often have accounts linked to our work environment, or in any case relating to our private life.
Consequently, it is a good habit to keep the credentials carefully, avoiding that some stranger can get hold of them or that we ourselves can forget about them. Bank access data, e-mail accounts, SPID, PEC, access to Web sites and Apps, e-commerce sites … are all very sensitive data to be treasured if you do not want to run the risk of data theft.
So today I show you how to protect our passwords, through special tools and some more old-school methods.
Use Effective Passwords
First of all, the good saying “prevention is better than cure” is always very valid; in this case, then what are the precautions to be taken?
The general advice is to use first of all effective passwords, not trivial (therefore not connected to our info such as name or date of birth), perhaps complicating everything through the use of numbers, symbols, and alternation of uppercase and lowercase letters.
Another piece of advice I can give you is to use different passwords for each service you are subscribed to; this in fact will complicate the life of some hacker or the malicious person who manages to trace your password that you commonly use in other areas as well.
The Best Ways to Secure Passwords
Once we have created effective passwords, therefore impossible to keep in mind, we need to use techniques to keep them safe from prying eyes. Let’s see which possibilities to choose to better keep our passwords:
Use a Password Manager
There are password managers of all kinds (in the form of a PC program or mobile application), but even in these cases, it is always good to study the service and possibly verify its credibility (if you are looking for something like this 1Password or NordPass are currently the password managers more reliable and used). These are two web applications that do not require installation and are able to store your passwords securely on their servers. Both are available for a fee.
Save passwords with Google Chrome
If you are a regular user of Google services, and you use Chrome as your main browser, you will probably have noticed that the service virtually stores our passwords, suggesting them when needed.
This allows you to sleep peacefully, as it will be practically impossible to lose your credentials to various sites or services; Furthermore, Chrome always obscures passwords when we enter them, to prevent malicious people from stealing them by peeking at our screens.
Another advantage that Google Chrome offers in terms of security is clearly the possibility of being able to access all passwords on other devices as well; in fact, if you are logged in on other devices with the same main Google account, Chrome will also suggest the credentials to enter in this case.
This is a very useful function to keep all the info related to our subscriptions synchronized.
Use Google Authenticator
Google Authenticator, and is a free app available on the Play Store and App Store. The main prerogative of this service is to act as an effective two-factor authentication tool for the services we are subscribed to. Often, in fact, when we enable this second security step, we are asked for an additional recovery email address, a phone number to send an SMS to, and so on.
Using Google Authenticator instead, you will have a one-time password (generally a six-digit numeric code) that will last just under a minute; entered the code in the reference service we will then have confirmed our identity and we will be able to proceed with the use. The code will then be replaced within a few seconds with a new one, and then by a new one again and so on.
How to synchronize Authenticator and two-factor authentication of various sites or services clearly depends on the portal itself.
In this way, to access the most “delicate” sites we can set Google Authenticator in such a way as to increase the security of access to certain services by one step.
Protect data and passwords on a protected Excel file
A little old fashion but still effective method is to keep track of our accounts through a handy Excel file.
In fact, we will be able to divide the username and the various services by columns and catalog the various passwords and other information, such as the registration date and so on, respectively.
Then we can then protect the file with a password, compressing it for example in a. ZIP or. RAR archive with for example 7-Zip.
The fundamental operation is to make a backup every now and then of the aforementioned file, to prevent it from being lost and running out of credentials.